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Dog anatomy – useful information for all dog owners

The dog's anatomy is unique and differs significantly from that of other animals and even more so from that of humans. If you want to get a dog, you should learn about the dog's anatomy. These include, among other things, the skeleton, muscles, sensory organs and skin. This means you know exactly how you can care for and support your animal in a targeted and individual manner and maintain its health. This article from Animus Medicus introduces you to the most important features of dog anatomy and explains what you need to pay attention to in this area.

Basic information about dog anatomy

The dog is a mammal and is similar to humans in that both are warm-blooded animals. He gives birth to live puppies, which are nursed by the mother and fully mature within a few years. Dogs are basically omnivores and rely on both plant and animal foods. Dogs are naturally pack animals that hunt in groups. However, the predators have now been domesticated and can also be kept individually at home.

The anatomy of the dog is complex and is made up of, among other things, muscles, bones, joints and organs. Dogs have strong instincts and enjoy playing and moving quickly in nature. They have an excellently developed sensory system and can smell and hear particularly well. They are characterized by an agile and flexible body and can reach high speeds. The Animal Anatomy Posters from Animus Medicus give you a good impression of the dog's anatomy and help you visualize its special features.

These are the most important features of the dog's anatomy:

  • the skeleton
  • the muscles
  • the sense organs
  • the respiratory system
  • the nervous system
  • the heart and blood vessels
  • the skin

Dog anatomy – the skeleton

When you study dog ​​anatomy, you should pay close attention to the skeleton. Skeletons in dogs are not only crucial for their body structure, but also serve for communication. Dogs often communicate using body language and are therefore dependent on an easily recognizable skeleton. In addition, the skeleton in dogs, just as in humans, serves to protect the internal organs and the brain.

The dog's skeleton works with many joints, muscles and tendons. These create such a harmonious interaction that targeted, agile and fast movements are possible. The dog needs this to be able to hunt efficiently. As a pet, this ability is less needed, which is why the high mobility is primarily used when playing and running around. Last but not least, the skeleton has an impact on a dog's mineral balance and supports the production of blood cells in the bone marrow.

Anatomy of the dog – the sensory organs

The sensory organs have a strong influence on the dog's anatomy. The sense of smell is particularly pronounced and is used, among other things, to recognize other animals and communicate with them. Dogs can easily track down tracks and specific people based on smell. They also have an excellent sense of hearing, which is significantly better than that of humans. Dogs are able to perceive ultrasonic sounds and are excellent at locating noises.

The dog's sense of touch is optimized by tactile hairs, which are located, among other things, on the lips and front legs. This means they can easily orientate themselves even in the dark. Dogs also use their tongue, nose and soles of their feet for orientation. Dogs' sense of vision is also well developed, giving them a larger field of vision than humans. Last but not least, dogs have a good sense of taste and are often fans of sweets.

Canine anatomy – the respiratory system

The respiratory system of a dog is important for the oxygen supply to the organism and thus enables the animals to run quickly. During inhalation, the air is both filtered and warmed and can then be absorbed and used by the organism. In this context, the bronchi and the alveoli play an important role.

Dog anatomy – the nervous system

The nervous system is an essential part of the dog's anatomy. It is composed of the brain and spinal cord and allows the animal to interact with its outside world. The dog absorbs information from outside via the nervous system and processes it in the brain. This is able to react to various stimuli and impulses and send commands to all parts of the body. The more familiar you are with your dog's nervous system, the better you can respond to his behavior and help him with illnesses and difficulties.

Dog anatomy – the heart and blood vessels

The cardiovascular system is one of the most important components of the dog's anatomy. It is made up of heart and blood vessels, with the veins and arteries being particularly important. The blood circulation ensures that all organs and areas of the body are supplied with oxygen and nutrients. Likewise, blood is responsible for removing waste products and controlling body temperature.

Dog anatomy – the skin

When you study your dog's anatomy, you should pay attention to his skin. This is characterized by high elasticity and quickly returns to its original shape even after fights with other dogs. It offers excellent protection against parasites and infectious agents and can also prevent chemical compounds from entering the body. The dog's organism uses the skin as an excretory organ, for example to get rid of sebum. It also emits scents that dogs use to mark their territory and communicate with other dogs. In addition, the skin serves to regulate heat and can perceive and transmit stimuli such as pressure or pain.

Conclusion: Provide optimal care for a dog and keep it healthy

Your animal will benefit greatly if you are familiar with dog anatomy. This way you can quickly see whether your dog is developing healthily or is behaving unusually in a certain way. Then you can take quick action to help him and protect him from illness. Therefore, study the dog's anatomy extensively and be prepared to continually learn something new and educate yourself.

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